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### MA2262 QUESTION BANK

MA2262 QUESTION BANK | PQT QUESTION BANK
ANNA UNIVERSITY -  April/MAY 2010
Fourth Semester
Regulation 2008
MA2262 Probability and Queuing theory
(Common to Fourth Semester B.Tech IT)
Time: Three Hours                                                                                                      Maximum Marks: 100

PART A-(10 X 2=20 marks)

1. Given the probability density function f(x) = k/(1+x2), -∞ < x < ∞, Find k
and  C.D.F. F(x).
2. If the probability is 0.10 that a certain kind of measuring device will show
excessive drift, what is the probability that the fifth measuring device
tested will be the first show excessive drift? Find its expected value also.
3. If X has mean 4 and variance 9, while Y has mean -2 and variance 5, and
the two are independent, find(a).E(XY) (b).E(XY2)
4.Let X and Y be continuous RVs with J.p.d.f
f( x, y) = 2xy+3/2y2, 0<1, 0<1 f(x,y)= 0 ,otherwise Find P(X + Y<1)
5. Define (a).Markov chain (b).Wide-Sense stationary process.
6. State any two properties of the Poisson process
7. In the usual notation of an M/M/I queuing system, if λ = 3/hour and
µ=4/hour, find P(X=5) where X is the number of customers in the system.
8. Find P(X=c+n) for an M/M/C queuing system.
9. Write the P – K Formula in M/G/1 Queuing Model
10.Write the balance equation for the closed Jackson Network.

PART B-(5 X 16=80 marks)

11a (i).The time required to repair a machine is exponentially distributed
with mean 2 . What is the probability that a repair takes at least 10
hours given that its duration exceeds 9 hours?                                 (8)
(ii). A discrete R.V. X has moment generating function MX(t)= (1/4+3/4e t)
Find E(X),Var(X) and P(X=2).                                                        (8)
(OR)
11.(b).(i).Find the moment generating function of a poisson variable and
hence obtain its mean and variance.                                    (8)
(ii). A man draws 3 balls from  an urn containing 5 white and and 7
black balls. He gets Rs.10 for each white ball and Rs.5 for each black
ball. Find his Expectation.                                                  (8)

12.(a).(i).(X,  Y) is a two dimensional random variable uniformly distributed
over the triangular region R bounded by y = 0 ,  x = 3 , y = 4/3 x. Find
the correlation coefficient                                                     (8)
(ii). Suppose that orders at a restaurant are i.i.d random variables with
mean µ=Rs. 8 and standard deviation s=Rs. 2. Estimate (1)the
probability that first 100 customers spend a total of more than
Rs.840 (2).P( 780 < x <820).                                     (8)
(OR)
12.(b).(i). Let X and Y be non-negative continuous random variables having
the joint probability density function
f(x,y)=4xy e-(x2+y2) , x>0 , y>0
Find the p.d.f. of U=√(x2+y2).                                               (8)
(ii).If the joint p.d.f. of  X and Y is given by X and Y is given by
g(x,y) = e-(x+y) , x>=0, y>=0
then
(1) find the m.p.d.f. of X
(2) find the m.p.d.f of Y.
(3) Are X and Y independent RVs? Explain?
(4) Find P(X > 2, Y<4)
(5) Find P(X>Y).                                                                 (8)

13.(a).(i).Let {Xn;n=1,2,3…} be a Markov chain on the space
S={1,2,3} with one step transition probability matrix

0  1  0
p  =    ½  0  ½
1  0  0
(1).Sketch the transition diagram.
(2).Is the chain irreducible? Explain
(3).Is the chain Ergodic? Explain.                                               (8)
(ii)  If the customers arrive in accordance with Poisson process, with mean
rate of 2 per minute, find the probability that the interval between 2
consecutive arrivals is (1) more than 1 minute (2) between 1 and 2
minutes (3) less than 4 minutes.                                                 (8)
(OR)
13.(b).(i).Consider a random process X(t) defined by X(t)=Ucost+(V+1)sint,
where U and independent random variables for which
E(U)=E(V)=0;E(U2)=E(V2)=1.
(1).Find the auto-covariance function of X(t)
(ii). Ther are 2 white marbles in urn A and 4 red marbles in urn B. At each
step of the process, a marble is selected from each urn and the 2
marbles selected are interchanged. The state of the relaxed Markov
chain is the  number of red balls in A after the interchange. What is
the probability that there are 2 red balls in urn A (i) after 3 steps and
(ii) in the long  run?                                                                 (8)
14.(a).(i).A concentrator receives messages from a group of terminals and
transmits them over a single transmission line. Suppose that
messages arrives according to a Poisson process at a rate of one
message every 4 milliseconds and suppose that message transmission
times are exponentially distributed with mean 3ms. Find the mean
number of messages in the system and the mean total delay in the
system. What percentage increase in arrival rate results in a doubling
of the above mean total delay?                                               (8)
(ii). Discuss the M/M/1 queuing system finite capacity and obtain its
steady-state probabilities and the mean number of customers in the
system.                                                                                     (8)
(OR)
14.(b).(i).A petrol pump station has 2 pumps. The service times follow the
exponential distribution with mean of 4 minutes and cars arrive for
service is a Poisson process at the rate of 10 cars per hour. Find the
probability that a customer has to wait for service. What is the
probability that the pumps remain idle?                               (8)
(ii)  There are 3 typists in an office. Each typist can type an average of 6
letters per hour. If letters arrive for being typed at the rate of 15 letters
per hour, what fraction of time all the typists will be busy? What is
the average number of letters waiting to be typed?                  (8)

15. (a)(i). Automatic car wash facility operates with only one bay. Cars
arrive  according to a Poisson process, with mean of 4 cars per hour
and may wait in the facility parking lot if the bay is busy. If the
service time for the cars is constant and equal to 10 min, determine
(1).mean number of customers in the system, (2).mean number of
customers in the queue (3).mean waiting time in the system (4).mean
waiting time in the queue.                                              (8)
(ii)    A repair facility shared by a large number of machines has 2
sequential stations with respective service rates of 2 per hour and 3 per
hour. The cumulative failure rate of all the machines is 1 per hour.
Assuming that the system behavior may be approximated by the
2-stage tandem queue, find
(1) the average repair time including the waiting time.
(2) the probability that both the service stations are idle and
(3) the bottleneck of the repair facility.                       (8)
(OR)
15 (b). Customers arrive at a service centre consisting of 2 service points S1

and S2 at a Poisson rate of 35/hour and form a queue at the entrance.

On studying the situation at the centre, they decide to go to either Sor
S2 .The decision making takes on the average 30 seconds in an
exponential fashion. Nearly 55% of the customers go to S1, that
consists of 3 parallel servers and the rest go to S2,  that consist of 7
parallel servers. The service times at S1, are exponential with a mean
of 6 minutes and those at Swith a mean of 20 minutes. About 2% of
customers, on finishing service at S1 go to Sand about 1% of
customers, on finishing service at S2 go to S1. Find the average queue
sizes in front of each node and the total average time a customer
spends in the service centre.                                                     (16) FREE SMS ALERTS CLICK HERE HI FRIENDS FEEL FREE TO COMMENT IN THIS BLOG   